Youth 11–12 years of age
During this age range, children become more sensitive to social judgement. Peer acceptance and belonging holds greater influence
over how they see themselves and their behaviour.
Whether it’s a lip-syncing app or gaming platform, live streaming lets tweens share their personal perspectives and creativity
in real time and engage directly with others. However, parents need to understand tweens could be sharing content with more
people than just their friends.
Screenshots of videos can be captured and the videos themselves can be recorded using a separate program. Once saved by
others, it can be easily misused to embarrass or harm tweens.
Depending on the app, platform, or website there may be limited privacy controls, so tweens don’t always know the people
who are watching. Children can be followed and viewed by adults.
The perceived intimacy of live streaming could lead tweens to share too much personal information. Even if you don’t
give out your real name, you could be giving away your identity or location in other ways.
People can comment while kids are broadcasting leading to online bullying, hate speech, inappropriate questions, and
The “likes” serve to add validation and status which can influence tweens’ decisions about what to post.
Many live stream apps and platforms have private messaging options, which are often on by default, meaning anyone can
direct message tweens.
If tweens are WATCHING live streams: Because it’s live, content can’t always be moderated, meaning
anything can happen — from explicit language, to sexual content, to violence.
Become familiar with the apps, platforms, and websites your tween is streaming on and watching. Review the system’s
privacy settings, parental controls (if applicable), and how to report inappropriate content and behaviour.
If your child is under 13, a good number of apps, websites, and platforms’ Terms of Service state children 13 and under
should not have an account.
Help tweens set up privacy settings. With a private account, users can approve or deny followers, restrict who can view
their content, and limit incoming messages to followers only. Remind your tween to limit followers to people they know
Many times tweens live stream at night in their bedrooms when parents are asleep or unaware. It’s a good idea to remove
devices from tweens’ rooms before bed, as well as consider turning off the Wi-Fi.
Explain to tweens the consequences of live streaming. It’s already hard to erase your online footprint as it is but
what’s even harder is taking back something when you are streaming it live for everyone to see.
Discuss that screengrabs and videos from live streams can be used against tweens to embarrass or harm them. Visit
dontgetsextorted.ca to learn more about sextortion, what it is, and how to
Be emotionally available and keep the lines of communication open. It is important to remind your tween they can always
come to you for help without fear of getting into trouble, and reinforce it’s never too late to ask for help.
Apps not only provide youth with entertainment (gaming, music, videos, etc.), but at this age, chat, messaging and texting apps
become the primary way tweens connect with friends and family. As a parent/guardian it’s important to understand the purpose of apps
and how your child may be negatively impacted by using them.
Some apps give the user a sense of security that their information, images or videos are only being shared temporarily.
However, there are ways for other users to capture shared information (i.e. screenshot on Snapchat®).
Many apps use location services when enabled on the device to identify the location of the user of the app through GPS
technology. Some apps encourage the user to “check in” or share their location, while others may share location without
asking for user input each time.
Apps can be hidden on a device. Icons can be arranged discreetly, or placed into a folder on a user’s device so they are no
longer visible at a quick glance.
While some apps are free to download, they may also feature in-app purchases (i.e. items that will aid in a game, special
photo filters, etc.) that can add up quickly.
Apps should be downloaded from official stores like iTunes and Google Play. Illegitimate versions of the apps named the same
or similar on other sites may contain malware or viruses.
More specific risks related to gaming, chat, messaging and social networking apps can be found under the headings for these
types of services below.
Become familiar with popular apps your tween is interested in downloading. Understand their purpose, how information is
shared, what information is needed to sign up for an account and the app’s terms of agreement. Some apps require users to be
13 years old to sign up for an account.
Review the content of the app. Is it age-appropriate? Is there an option to report inappropriate content?
Become familiar with parental controls on phones and tablets. Some devices allow parents to limit access to specific
apps, social media sites, Internet content and features available within the device. For example, on iPhones and iPads,
parents can “Enable Restrictions” under the “Settings” icon.
Know your child’s username/character name and password, as well as the email address used, for the apps they use. Ensure
that this login information doesn’t provide identifying characteristics about your child.
Set the expectation you will monitor your child’s online activities, and work together to establish guidelines around
texting, social media and gaming (who your child can do these things with and on what apps).
Reinforce the idea not everyone is who they say they are online. People can pretend to be older or younger than they
Remind your tween it is easy to lose control over what happens to texts, photos and videos sent through apps, and they
should be careful about what they choose to share and consider if it could be misused.
Explain apps should be downloaded from official stores like iTunes and Google Play. Illegitimate versions of the apps
(named the same or similar) on other sites may contain malware or viruses.
Whether it’s a quick selfie or video of the perfect bottle flip, cameras are used to capture both a tween’s personal perspective and
what they’re seeing in the world around them. While it’s fun to share experiences, parents and tweens also need to understand they
could be sharing content with more people than just their friends.
Some apps/services that utilize a device’s camera may give users a sense of security that their pictures and/or videos are
only temporarily shared, but these apps/services may not be as secure as users believe they are. Shared pictures and/or
videos can be captured and forwarded to others.
Content shared through a device’s camera on live-streaming services can still be recorded, though youth may be unaware that
someone is recording.
Unless youth know the other person, there is no way of verifying who is on the other end. Pre-recorded content can be
streamed in place of live content, giving the appearance that youth are speaking with someone “live.”
Enable controls and privacy settings on apps/services that limit who can see posted photos or videos. Many times, default
settings in apps are on “public.” Switching a profile to “private” makes posts only available to an approved list of people,
“friends,” or “followers.”
Monitor your tween’s use of cameras on their devices, as well as the posting and exchanging of pictures/videos online.
Explain to tweens people can save pictures of someone they are video chatting with. Once a picture is sent or saved by
someone else, control over what happens to the picture is lost.
Teach your tween it is illegal for people to make, possess or distribute naked or sexually explicit pictures of children
under 18 years of age, even if it’s shared between peers.
Explain if someone tries to get your tween to send a picture or to video chat and do things that are inappropriate or seem
“weird,” they should stop talking to the person and tell a safe adult about it.
Have regular conversations about who your tween is video chatting with online.
Reassure your child if they ever feel like they are “in over their head” in a situation, or they have made mistakes they can
always come to you for help and you will work through the situation together.
Chat, messaging and texting
Chat, messaging and texting apps are a quick, fun and creative way tweens communicate directly with peers. However, many of these
apps require users to be at least 13 years old. This form of communication, while fun, removes the social limits deemed normal in
face-to-face interactions. Without these limits, personal boundaries can be crossed earlier and easier, creating the potential for
hurtful, inappropriate or intimate information to be shared.
Tweens may engage in private conversations or share private information or photos, unaware of the lasting consequences.
Tweens may accept friend/buddy requests from people they don’t know in person.
Some anonymous messaging apps allow tweens to engage in conversations with strangers easily.
The history of the communication through some apps may not be saved. Some chat and messaging apps may log the conversations
but allow them to be easily deleted with the swipe of a finger.
Check to see that your tween’s chat or messaging program is set up so that no one can begin speaking to them without their
Know your tween’s passwords, screen names and the friends they’re communicating with online.
Monitor who your tween is contacting, and the functions/applications being used to text and message with others.
Ensure your tween always uses a screen name and profile image that doesn’t reflect their age, location or interests.
Reinforce the idea not everyone is who they say they are online. People can pretend to be older or younger than they
actually are or they can misuse information, photos or videos you share with them.
Discuss the importance of not responding to harassing, harmful or unsolicited messages and to save these types of messages.
Explain to your tween they should trust their instincts and block anyone who asks questions online that make them feel
uncomfortable. Add they can tell you or a safe adult about the conversation without fear of getting into trouble.
Teach your tween how to get out of unwanted conversations. Some direct ways of getting out of uncomfortable situations
include refusing to do something by saying, “I don’t want to” or discontinuing contact by not responding to messages, and
deleting or blocking the person as a contact. Indirect ways of ending a conversation include making excuses such as, “I have
to go out with my family” or blaming parents, “My mom checks my computer randomly and would ground me.”
Social networking starts to become extremely important to tweens because it connects them to their world and allows them to share
their personality with like-minded peers. Scrolling through friends’ feeds, liking (or double tapping) their favourite photos and
posting memes are just some of the ways social networking can be fun. But this virtual world also blurs social limits and personal
boundaries, allowing them to be crossed more easily, and creating the potential for hurtful, inappropriate or intimate information
to be shared. It also opens tweens up to a larger, potentially public audience where their “friends” may not be the person they
claim to be.
Whether it’s collecting cats or building clans, online games provide a fun distraction for tweens and are another avenue to connect
with friends. Online games can be played through a console, downloaded as an app for mobile devices or played directly on social
networks. Many offer chat or multi-player functions that can expose tweens to other users who they may not know.
Many online games have a chat component where users can talk to people they do not know in person. Tweens can easily be
exposed to inappropriate conversations and, in most cases, records of these chats are not saved.
Some gaming apps utilize the device’s GPS during gameplay, allowing the location of the user to be identified by other
While some games are free to download, they may also feature in-app purchases (i.e. items that will aid in a game, etc.)
that can add up quickly.
Review the games your tween wants to download/play and see whether games feature chat functions, if they contain sexually
explicit or violent material and if there’s an option to report inappropriate material and behaviour.
For consoles, setup parental controls and create passwords for the parental control features. You can control online access
by using the block and/or restrict features available on most video game consoles.
Seek games that offer the ability to block or restrict individuals who can play with your tween.
Know your tween’s passwords, screen names and the friends they are playing against and chatting with online.
Explain to your tween that they should never meet in person with someone they’ve met in a game without a parent or guardian
Teach your tweens to ask you before they download a new game or accept a friend/game play request.
Discuss with your tween not to share their password with anyone, and not to enter any information into pop-up ads or websites
they’ve been re-directed to.
Discuss how to get out of uncomfortable situations in games if someone starts talking to them inappropriately, such as stop
talking to or playing with the person, block the person or report the person in the game.
Ensure your tween understands they can talk to you about anything they encounter online that makes them feel uncomfortable
without fear of losing Internet or gaming privileges.
Tweens want to post their latest gaming review or make-up tutorial with friends online, and video-sharing sites can be a positive
place to showcase their creativity. They also enjoy browsing the thousands of clips uploaded by other users. Yet, on some
video-sharing sites, tweens can also easily view or upload inappropriate videos, and comment sections can open them up to harassing
Many video-sharing sites do not provide the option of restricting who may view certain video clips.
Tweens can inadvertently give out personal information. Backgrounds stating their school’s name or mentioning landmarks
could allow someone to track where the tween lives.
Comment sections open up users to harassing and/or inappropriate responses to uploaded videos.
Be aware of who’s connecting with your tween on the site and what information they are sharing in their videos.
Check out your tween’s favourite videos and the channels they’re subscribed to. These can give you clues about what they’re
watching on the site.
Review where and how to report inappropriate content found on the site.
Learn about the video-sharing site’s comments section to see if comments can be turned off or if they need to be approved
before they are posted.
Discuss what information your tween should and should not be revealing in their videos.
Encourage your tween to protect their privacy by setting personal videos to “private” or “unlisted” when possible.
Talk about what YouTube® sets out in their Teen Safety policy as the grandma rule: “Is what you’re filming or posting
something you’d want your grandmother, boss, future employer, parents or future in-laws to see? If not, it’s probably
not a great idea to post it.” Teen Safety, Policies, safety, and reporting. Available at:
Explain if they are ever threatened to make or share videos, they should stop talking to the person and let you know right away.
Do not ever comply with such requests.